Is Municipal Water Safe to Drink?
What is happening to the water after it leaves the municipal water treatment plant?
A massive outbreak in Milwaukee of cryptosporidium infection transmitted through the public water supply in the spring of 1993.
There was a widespread outbreak of acute watery diarrhea among the residents of Milwaukee.
We investigated the two Milwaukee water-treatment plants, gathered data from clinical laboratories on the results of tests for enteric pathogens and examined ice made during the time of the outbreak for cryptosporidium oocysts. We surveyed residents with confirmed cryptosporidium infection and a sample of those with acute watery diarrhea consistent with cryptosporidium infection. To estimate the magnitude of the outbreak, we also conducted a survey using randomly selected telephone numbers in Milwaukee and four surrounding counties.
There were marked increases in the turbidity of treated water at the city's southern water-treatment plant from March 23 until April 9, when the plant was shut down. Cryptosporidium oocysts were identified in water from ice made in southern Milwaukee during these weeks. The rates of isolation of other enteric pathogens remained stable, but there was more than a 100-fold increase in the rate of isolation of cryptosporidium. The median duration of illness was 9 days (range, 1 to 55). The median maximal number of stools per day was 12 (range, 1 to 90). Among 285 people surveyed who had laboratory-confirmed cryptosporidiosis, the clinical manifestations included watery diarrhea (in 93 percent), abdominal cramps (in 84 percent), fever (in 57 percent), and vomiting (in 48 percent). We estimate that 403,000 people had watery diarrhea attributable to this outbreak.
This massive outbreak of watery diarrhea was caused by cryptosporidium oocysts that passed through the filtration system of one of the city's water-treatment plants. Water-quality standards and the testing of patients for cryptosporidium were not adequate to detect this outbreak.
How do you protect your family?
The diarrhea you have maybe caused by your municipal drinking water. Many flu type symptoms are water related.
Last Mile Protection System Safe Drinking Water
The water you drink may not be as safe as you think.
What is in Municipal Water may be too gross to for you to know!
Most likely your Municipal Water Treatment Plant is doing a Good Job treating your water. What has happened to your water after traveling through what could be 1,000's of miles through the distribution system?
That is what we call the LAST MILE?
Yes, the LAST MILE, what this means is, did you know the water, your family uses and drinks may lay in the distribution system for days, weeks, or even months before it gets to your home. The pipes that your water travels in may be 50 to 100 years old. This amount of time can allow many, many things to grow and develop that will change the water from the high quality it was before it left the treatment plant.
It can have any of the following micro-organisms; Cryptosporidium, a chlorine resistant cyst that comes from snake and rat dung can get into a treated water supply. Most of the municipal water treatment facilities are not equipped to treat for this potential problem. They rely on chlorine to take care of it, but there is the problem. It is chlorine resistant!
This is what we call the LAST MILE. It is where your family is at the most risk. What has happened to the water in the journey from the treatment plant to your home.
You have a lock on your door to keep out intruders, why don't you have a guard on the water to keep out harmful intruders?
Your water travels from the Municipal Water Treatment Plant through miles and miles of pipes. Most of those underground pipes are many years old and some are in need of repair. In the time and distance, it takes for the water to get to you, it may have changed!
What to Do?
Install a LAST MILE Protection System!
Giardia cysts are resistant to normal disinfection; filtration is usually required. Cysts are large in comparison to bacteria and viruses (ranging from 7-10 microns in diameter); consequently, they are more easily removed by filtration and UV Sterilization.